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SFA Looks at Sheldon Arms

    by Rose Sheldon Newton

(This article is reprinted from the
award winning Sheldon Family Association Quarterly, January 1990,
Vol. 5, No. 1, page 137.)

Sooner or later, all researchers discover heraldry,
especially when they find a coat of arms of their surname. The question
arises: "Could we use this since it is our name?" Reading on, we learn
the use of arms began in the 12th century as a way of identification of
friend or foe for heavily armed knights, during battle. Through the
years, heraldry became established as a system of hereditary family
identification.

By sectioning the crest in parts, halves, quarters,
etc., various sons' and wives' lines could be visually identified by
additions and changes to the family art work. These were granted by the
crown to a particular family as theirs alone, and so registered.

Closely following the first printed books in Germany,
"bookplates" denoting book ownership are seen that often depicted family
arms. The earliest used in America were dated March 27, 1629, in the
books owned by Henry Dunster .

A study of American History reveals the colonists
agreed to forever give up the right to bear arms. A closer study will
show how this included heraldry. The governments of many nations long
ago abolished heraldry and social privileges that once belonged to the
upper classes, though countries still maintain historic library
collections which show family lineages recorded through heraldry.

In the United States, anyone may create and use a coat
of arms for a trademark or logo. This type of creation and usage is
called "arms of assumption" and while several firms create and sell such
devices, few are authentic and the buyer should be aware of this. Simply
because a family name is the same does not mean one may use the arms,
further study of rules should be made before assuming this right, or
perhaps, use a logo instead. Often in modem genealogies, a well
researched and documented work will be criticized most severely, and
rightly so, for displaying such a device in the first few pages of the
work, whereas, they would have been praised for including the same as an
item of interest for further study in the appendix.

Early SFA researchers were interested in the subject
of heraldry evidenced by the file we share today. They invited Dr.
Harold Bowditch to speak about ancient English Sheldon Arms at the
reunion at Middlebury, Vermont in August 1960. He stated coats of arms
usage rights descend directly from father to son, but not collaterally,
for instance, from uncle to nephew. Hence the mere fact a Sheldon
rightfully bore a coat of arms does not mean anyone whose name is
Sheldon has a right to appropriate it. This right is limited to the
direct descendants of the man who rightfully bore the arms. The eldest
son could use the design during his father's lifetime, but was required
to add a special mark called a "label", which he would remove at his
father's death. Younger sons were required to make some permanent
change in design for their identification.

Dr. Bowditch described five general types of old
English Sheldon coats of arms: 1. A fess (a broad horizontal bar)
between three Sheldrakes, three varieties. 2. On a bend, three birds,
two varieties. 3. On a chevron (two diagonal stripes meeting at an
angle), three Sheldrakes, on a canton (a region of a field) a rose. 4. A
bend between two crosses. 5. On a cross an annulet (a little ring).

Dr. Bowditch recommended since the American Sheldon
immigrant ancestry lines at that time, were not documented to English
families or heraldic lines, SFA would be wise to adopt a trademark or
logo reminiscent of the name, yet not invading the privacy or rights of
those of English ancestry who were. This was done by SFA and is
reflected in the logo, a crest with ducks and the Association name. (See
Fig.1 & 14) The logo was probably based on the coat of arms shown in
Fig.14 which was a part of Benjamin Olcott Sheldon's application for
"The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy."

Leland Sheldon liked the one E. Mark Sheldon used to
illustrate his Sheldon Magazine extension in 1955. It was prepared for
him by a photo lithographer from a piece of Ruth Bradley Sheldon's
engraved stationery. (See Fig.2) Through the years, sometimes with
Mark's permission sometimes not, Leland used his drawing.

In 1988, Mark wanted a logo for the SFA Newsletter and
modified his crest by way of a computer graphics editor for use in the
SFA Newsletter banner. Fig.2 shows the top of the shield is square with
a helmet on top. The simplest edit was to erase the filigree, cut the
helmet and fill in the shield. (To those who have written to ask where
the SFA logo peak went, the point may some day return when computer art
is more compatible with curves. We have not arbitrarily changed that
which you selected, but we work in the framework of present computer
capabilities to give you a neat product.)

An interesting question was asked of Rose who made
badges for several reunions, when Mark asked, "Where did you get that
crest?" (See Fig.3) Though similar to his, it was researched from the
Woolworth genealogy of S1131 Mercy Sheldon Woolworth. Since they are of
the Isaac line, an "arms of assumption." It was used for badges because
it was neat, but not correctly so. Marie Sheldon Hine has crafted a
beautiful Sheldon Banner which employs the Association logo with
different flourishes which infringe upon no other art work and is
displayed at annual meetings. (See Fig.4)

If you belong to an American
Sheldon line with an English family connection, you should study to
discover if you have a rightful heraldic design. Let us know and we will
be glad to spread the news. The illustrations which follow are, for the
most part, from the files of Leland, Hortense, Betty, and Shirley, past
Genealogy Chairpersons, who either discovered them during research, or
received them from researching cousins. They represent ancient Sheldon
families of Europe and a few are assumption arms. If the correspondent
or source is known, it is listed. Should you have one you think should
be in the curiosity file after this review, please send it to Rose for
"the file."

As you study the various coats of arms, notice
differences, similarities, and items that are alike. Become aware of
family stories that are being told in the art. The purpose of this
review is to stimulate your interest and possible further study.
Hopefully it will be another answer to the question of American Sheldons
and heraldry. It is our desire to stimulate Sheldon researchers to learn
new things, and to dig for themselves. Since our primary interest is
recording and helping members establish their lineage, time does not
always permit our officers to follow up all roads of research which
open. The saying "we can do together what we cannot do alone" invites
all who are interested to add to our research. It seemed a shame to
enjoy these discoveries without sharing them with you, our members.
Though we have no proven heraldry, Sheldons everywhere are so
interesting, so enjoy!

Fig.5B is from stationery of a correspondent, an
unsigned arms report to Leland, possibly Ruth Bradley Sheldon. Notice
the similarities of Fig. 5A and 5B.

Fig.6 was sent by Helen Sheldon (Marie Hine and Clara
Gutermuth's mother,) to Leland with the following notation: ".. This is
the same arms as seen at the Quaker Street Cemetery where many of the
Quaker Sheldon descendants of Sir Edward Sheldon of England to whom the
coat of arms was given (are buried)." Notation on back of photo "from
John Sheldon Fisher see S8596 Eliza Ann Sheldon." Note: Sheldon
on right side of scarf.

Fig.7 is impaled (divided vertically) to share with
another family. It was Dr. Bowditch's opinion it belonged to a bishop.
Fig.8 is similar to the Ralph Sheldon arms. Figures 7 and 8 were sent to
Leland by Mrs. Neil Sheldon, St. Oneida Lane, Schenectady, NY . Figures
9A and 9B are English Heraldic Book plates and are attributed to a Ralph
Sheldon, b. 1623, son of William Sheldon of Beoley, Worchestershire.
Ralph is said to have written genealogical histories now in the College
of Arms collections. Notice the Sheldon birds in the two corners with
added families in opposite corners.

Fig.l0, an old unlabeled photograph, the ducks are
different and the design is very plain. Embellishment around the edges,
called mantling, is absent.

Fig.11is the arms of Henry James Sheldon Esq. of
Brailes House, whose wife was from Dublin, heir of Ralph Charles
Sheldon, 8th in descent from William Sheldon of Beoly. This arms was
sent to Leland by a person with the initials MBL who was not sure of the
source.

Fig.12 seems to be a page from an old book by Anthony
'a Fig Wood of Oxen, attributed to the library of a Ralfe Sheldon. Arms
design labeled Ralfe Sheldon of Weston Parke in Warwickshire 1676.
Notice the different shape of the ducks, and the still different family
additions, the flying dragon with an arrow for a tongue, similar to
Fig.9B.

Fig.13 Is a drawing sent to Hortense by Edith Madsin
in 1962. She was told of a marker said to have been in Boston near where
the first Sheldon landed. On the back of the drawing: " New England
Family Coat of Arms by Andrew F. Donnell." A letter to E. Hortense
Sheldon 16 Nov. 1962 from the Public Works Department stated, "a search
was made in the New England Historical Society, the Boston Athenaeum,
the New England Genealogical Register, and the Boston Art Commission.
The existence of such a marker is very doubtful."

Fig. 14 Is taken from original filing papers to
Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy for Benjamin Olcott Sheldon.
The papers were rued by Ruth Bradley Sheldon and are in the SFA files.

References: Grolier Inc. 1984, Vol 7 pg 152, Academic
American Enc, 1981 Vol. H pg 134, Bookplates in Early Americana Grolier
Vol. 4 pg 251, The Sheldons by E.A.B. Barnard Cambridge Press 1936. SFA
files. Report: Heraldry, by Betty Sheldon 10490X241, Report: Calling All
Sheldons, by Marion Sheldon Gibbons S0151x35462371 ca 1956. Report on
Sheldon, Lancaster Herald 1957 to Alice Sheldon 8169×1.

Editor's Note: Fig.15 is a reproduction of a coat of
arms found in "The Sheltons" by Kathryn Morris Brown published by Keith
Press, Inc., Knoxville, TN in 1981. It is interesting to note the motto,
Optimum pati (It is better to suffer) and the Sheldrake crest.
Throughout this publication, the name is sometimes spelled with a 'd'.
Is there a connection between the Sheldons' found in SFA records and the
Sheltons who settled in the Southeastern part of the United States?

LogoFigure 10 Sheldon Arms Figure 11Figure 11 Sheldon Arms Figure 12Figure 12

Sheldon Arms Figure 13Figure 13 Sheldon Arms Figure 14Figure 14 Sheldon Arms Figure 15Figure 15